FeatureTypeCategory/ScopeSocial Distr.DescriptionExample
Invariant be
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Morphosyntax (Tense, Mood, Aspect) New and intensifying structures Geographically widespread. Occurs in both rural and urban speech. Invariant be may show an event or activity is distributed intermittently over time or space (Wolfram and Schilling 2015)
DCA_se1_ag1_m_04 (543.17-551.27):
See sometime, the children, th- they be bothering you while you try and do your work. | Start talking and then she'll think it's you. Then she'll go around | start hollering at you.
Indignant come
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Morphosyntax (Tense, Mood, Aspect) New and intensifying structures Expresses spaeker's indignation about an action or event
PRV_se0_ag3_f_02 (2648.61-2654.3):
And uh, some of 'em even had nerve enough to dr- if you stop at the stop thing, come walking up to your car.
Third person singular -s absence
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Morphosyntax (Tense Marking) New and intensifying structures Geographically widespread
DCA_se2_ag3_m_01 (1677.7-1682.1):
So she run over to her bag, | open it up, | pulled out the paper bag,
Resultative (sequential) be done
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Morphosyntax (Tense, Mood, Aspect) New and intensifying structures Geographically widespread (LA, Philadelphia, etc.) Resultative or the future/conditional perfect. She be done had her baby = She will have had her baby
PRV_se0_ag1_f_02 (1607.39-1624.893):
I'd be like, Dad, you know how mom is. Please don't tell her. He be like, I ain't gonna tell her. I don't want you to have to go through that. | And so he wouldn't tell her. | And now- now at times I would | be done talked to my mom and I would tell her about it, and she'd be like, | I knew it was something. [She said I knew] it was too good to be true that you didn't never get in trouble in school.
Negative concord
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Morphosyntax (Negation) Stable urban AAVE features No different than other vernacular dialects of English. Geographically widespread; rural and urban; primarily working class Single negative proposition may be marked within verb phrase and on postverbal indefinites
DCA_se1_ag1_f_04 (1069.4-1071.46):
Cause like I ain't never had no money no way.
Negative inversion
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Morphosyntax (Negation) Stable urban AAVE features
DCA_se1_ag1_m_03 (2084.34-2086.31):
Cause didn't nobody hardly stay home then.
Preverbal indefinite
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Morphosyntax (Negation) Stable urban AAVE features Can be emphatic, especially if the indefinite is stressed (Wolfram 2004:124)
DCA_se1_ag1_f_04 (1598.65-1599.7):
Nobody don't say nothing.
Regularized mines
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Morphosyntax (Nouns and Pronouns) Stable urban AAVE features regularization of possessive pronoun mine to mines (by analogy with yours, his, hers)
DCB_se2_ag4_m_01 (2024.6-2029.1):
It's the people | how they perceive theyself, talking about this is mines
Initial /r/ cluster reduction
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Phonology (Consonants) AAL and other non-standard varieties, esp. in the south Southern. Other patterns unknown. After _ and in unstressed syllables, especially before /u, o/
mem043 (1700-1702):
That still leave a lump in my throat.